Many people think that if artificial intelligence develops, it will replace humans and they will lose their jobs, but this technology not only does not make us unemployed, but it can also create a lot of job opportunities and work and life for us as a whole. Make it much easier.
Anyone who is a little interested in the world of technology has a little right or wrong information about the word AI, or at least knows what it means. Artificial intelligence has attracted a lot of attention in recent years, and even jobs related to the field of artificial intelligence have become increasingly one of the most sought-after jobs for job seekers.
Undoubtedly, the word “artificial intelligence” for ordinary people evokes the fascinating fantasies of science fiction movies, or it may subconsciously make them afraid of the robots that will take control of the world in the future.
The perceptions of artificial intelligence in the media have led to differing views on this revolutionary technology, and although no precise predictions have yet been made about the future of artificial intelligence, completely different perspectives on how artificial intelligence can affect our lives. Put, have arisen.
At present, AI has completely affected our work and life, and we are witnessing the effects of its use in various fields; From research projects to online dating platforms and new shopping methods. At the same time, the prospects for the use of artificial intelligence in the future of these areas are quite clear. Published data show that the use of artificial intelligence in many branches of business has grown by more than 270 percent over the past four years.
But what will the future of artificial intelligence mean for the business community? With the advancement of technology and computers, this question has become a very important question. The advancement of artificial intelligence, like the advancement of other technologies throughout history, has always raised fears that human occupations will become obsolete in the future. Surely, even if this happens in the future, it will not be so widespread; But no one can really make a correct prediction on this issue.
What is artificial intelligence?
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Before we look at how artificial intelligence can affect our future and our lives, it is best to first see what artificial intelligence is. Simply put, artificial intelligence refers to the ability of digital computers or computer-controlled robots to perform tasks that require intelligence and talent.
In fact, artificial intelligence is a universal term to describe any development in the field of computers, systems, and technologies through which computer programs can perform specific tasks or solve problems that for any reason require the use of human intelligence; Even in cases such as learning and gaining information from processing operations performed in the past.
The ability to learn is one of the main foundations of artificial intelligence. Algorithms, such as the Facebook algorithm designed to display advertising posts to users, are somehow related to artificial intelligence.
|The difference between machine learning and deep learning
“Simply put, algorithms are a set of instructions and a formula for processing data,” said software journalist Kaya Ismail, who describes the algorithm. In fact, artificial intelligence has raised the level of algorithms and has been able to create a set of algorithms that can change and rewrite themselves in the face of input data. “For this reason, the attribute of being intelligent can be attributed to such algorithms.”
Will artificial intelligence take over human jobs in the future?
Will artificial intelligence affect our jobs
Regarding the hypothesis of the destruction of all human occupations with the development of artificial intelligence, it should be said that this will not happen, at least in the short term. To ease your mind a little, we have to say that robots are not designed to take on human jobs; At least for the time being, robots were not created for that purpose.
Of course, with the image of artificial intelligence created in the media, especially science fiction movies, surely since the advent of artificial intelligence, the general public has always imagined that artificial intelligence will one day make them useless, and some people may even be really worried about it. ; Of course, we have to admit that with the advent of artificial intelligence, many of the things that were once done by humans have become automated, and it is natural to be afraid of the development of artificial intelligence to the point where it can take over all human jobs or start the process.
But if we look at it a little more logically, we find that there is no reason for such a panic. In a recent article by members of the MIT Task Force on the Work of the Future on artificial intelligence entitled “Artificial Intelligence And The Future of Work”, the development of artificial intelligence and related areas in The business world is being scrutinized, with a more optimistic view of AI than the general attitude towards the technology.
In this article, instead of fostering the public perception that artificial intelligence will take over all human jobs in the future, it is envisaged that in the future, artificial intelligence will pave the way for innovative solutions that will pave the way for the development of many existing industries and can even Achieve the potential to create growth opportunities in many areas. All of these great achievements can lead to more jobs; So AI could be a tool for widespread employment in the future, not de-employment.
Although great strides have been made in the field of artificial intelligence to replace this technology with human occupations in specific fields, in reality, artificial intelligence is only programmed to perform certain specific and specialized tasks.
In other words, it can only solve one problem or do one thing at a time. Artificial intelligence cannot react differently in different situations or when changing inputs, or it can do something autonomously for which instructions and programming are not defined.
But in contrast, man has a creative mind and has valuable abilities such as the ability to solve various problems in different fields, abstract thinking and judgment, and decision-making in critical situations. Such capabilities are very important in all areas of business. Every human being who works in different businesses at every level and situation can make the right decisions and judgments in different cases.
Barriers to the development of artificial intelligence
There are many limiting factors to the development of AI and its replacement by humans, which we will examine below.
As we have said before, It requires training to do different things and it must be provided with a lot of information; So when we can leave something to AI, we must first see if we have access to the right information to teach AI, and how we can classify the information that AI has in a way that has both privacy and security. Information is preserved.
In addition, the use of artificial intelligence requires a lot of processing and computing activities on information, which requires access to many resources and is very expensive; For example, the cost of electricity used to provide the power needed to build a very fast language model based on artificial intelligence is $ 4.6 million.
Another problem that can be troublesome in the use of artificial intelligence is the possibility of providing biased data to artificial intelligence. As we have said before, artificial intelligence has no decision-making power and operates only on the basis of its input data; Therefore, if the person who designs this data and provides it to artificial intelligence has unwarranted prejudices, it can lead to social inequalities; Therefore, in the field of using artificial intelligence in situations that can be sensitive and tense, neutral and rational people should be used to design the data.
This issue is very important and even a conference called “Algorithmic Accountability Act” has been created with the aim of obliging the Federal Trade Commission to investigate the possibility of creating unwarranted prejudices in various cases of using artificial intelligence. The article, presented by the MIT CCI Research Center, explicitly states that artificial intelligence still has a long way to go before it can be compared to human intelligence, replaced by humans, and taken on human occupations.
Of course, a lot of investment has been made in this area at all levels of trade and business; From training, private sector personnel to training people active in government institutions and organizations. All these trainings are done by improving the level of knowledge and skills of the employees. As we have said before, artificial intelligence can pave the way for the creation of many branches of employment and does not lead to unemployment.
In order to create more employment with the help of AI, we must move forward with the “human and computer” approach instead of the “human or computer” approach. Use industries and sectors related to increasing people’s welfare and design with the same attitude.
If we take such an approach, artificial intelligence will be welcomed not only in various fields related to technology but also in all areas of business.
Application of artificial intelligence in various fields
At present, if we talk about it with the general public who are familiar with artificial intelligence, we will clearly see the misconception about artificial intelligence. It also seems that many people think that artificial intelligence can probably only change the world of technology.
Even if you have the same attitude towards artificial intelligence, we must accept that our current world is also the world of technology. In 1998, economist Paul Krugman said of the impact of the Internet on the economy: “By 2005 or so, it will be clear that the impact of the Internet on the economy is no greater than that of the fax machine.”
Of course, such an attitude is ridiculous for everyone at the moment, and the attitude of people who think that artificial intelligence will only change the world of technology, will undoubtedly be the same in the future. Therefore, we should not allow our future to be called stupid people.
In fact, 90% of the leading industries have already started continuous investments in the use of technologies based on artificial intelligence, and the owners of more than half of these industries that use these technologies are witnessing their positive results and increasing productivity and production.
Here are some areas that AI can possibly revolutionize.
- Medicine and health
The potential for using artificial intelligence in the field of pharmacy has already been identified. There is a lot of data in the pharmaceutical industry that can be used to create health-related predictive models.
Studies have also shown that artificial intelligence has performed better than doctors in diagnosing some of the conditions associated with heart disease, lung cancer and many more.
2. Transportation and automation
If you have been following the news about new technologies used in cars and transportation for many years, you know that self-driving cars and automatic navigation systems have been created many years ago thanks to the existence of artificial intelligence. Another achievement of artificial intelligence in this field is the automation of part of the production line in various factories.
One of the main concerns of people active in the leading industries is to provide cyber security in the best possible way, and when they see that the source of most problems is cyber insecurity, they become more concerned about the issue.
Since the start of the Corona Pandemic, cyberattacks has increased sixfold, and hackers have been trying to infiltrate those home-based telecommuting systems that have less security capabilities or systems connected to less secure Wi-Fi networks.
Artificial intelligence and deep learning technology are very important tools for detecting and predicting cyber security threats. Artificial intelligence can also help secure financial transactions; Because it can process large amounts of information and detect or predict financial fraud.
4. Electronic commerce
Undoubtedly, artificial intelligence will play a pivotal role in all sectors of e-commerce in the future; From a user experience of marketing and supply and distribution. In the future, artificial intelligence is expected to play a significant role in the development of this field.
Thanks to the use of artificial intelligence, e-commerce people can use e-commerce with technologies such as chats, personalized shopping methods for each person, targeted display of ads based on the use of images, and automation of warehousing processes (such as preparation). Inventory list) to guide e-commerce well in the path of growth and development.
The effect of using artificial intelligence in the field of job search
If you hope that the employer who is going to hire you will ignore your small mistakes and hire you, you are completely wrong. Artificial intelligence can also play an important role in the hiring process. It is interesting to note that the job application review system based on artificial intelligence (ATS system) can automatically reject 75% of applicants’ requests. Of course, such a system can make things much easier for employers.
In the past, most employers had to spend a lot of time reviewing jobseekers’ applications and resumes and finding the job they wanted after the job advertisement was published. According to information published on LinkedIn, it may take up to 23 hours for an employer to process an applicant’s application and find just one person, which is a long time, especially if he or she wants to hire a lot of people.
The use of resume review software based on artificial intelligence is increasingly increasing. In 2018, nearly 68% of employers have fully approved the facilitation of the recruitment process with the help of artificial intelligence.
Of course, the growing use of artificial intelligence-based algorithm software to automate the hiring process has also drawn criticism; For example, some believe that the use of certain artificial intelligence-based algorithms by employers may lead to unwarranted accusations against applicants and may also lead to misplaced bias. For example, the startup Hirevue has developed a system for identifying people who are not suitable for a job opportunity, which uses face recognition technology and psychology based on artificial intelligence.
Officials at The Electronic Privacy Information Center, a nonprofit, have filed a lawsuit against the system with the Federal Trade Commission, arguing that such a system could lead to misplaced bias and prejudice. The system stopped and used voice recognition technology and natural language processing operations instead.
There is no doubt that the use of artificial intelligence to facilitate the recruitment process and expand its use in this field can be controversial; Of course, we must also consider that if employers can use artificial intelligence to find the people they want, job seekers can also take advantage of the potential of this technology.
Let us introduce a number of software and platforms that can help job seekers.
Jobscan: On this platform, your resume is scanned just like the method used by the employer to scan resumes. Jobscan At this stage, after matching the information mentioned in the resume with the items mentioned in the job description provided by the employer, by providing information on how to make the necessary changes in the resume to be accepted for a particular job opportunity, can help you in the job Get hired; Therefore, using this platform, you can prepare a resume that is approved by ATS systems.
Jobseer: This tool is actually a very useful AI-based browser plugin that scans your resume and finds the keywords and skills related to the job you want in the resume, finds the best jobs for you and displays them in a list. In this list, users’ occupations are categorized for each job according to how appropriate they are for that job. This handy tool also offers a number of skills to add to your resume to improve your resume.
Rezi: Although we do not recommend that you leave the preparation of your resume to robots, Rezi resume maker, which is based on artificial intelligence, has a very good performance in this area. This resume maker uses your templates and templates to help you create a resume that can be reviewed with ATS Rume review systems.
You can also use this resume builder to create a new resume and compare it to your own resume to see what has been added to the resume.
You can also use artificial intelligence if you are looking to improve your skills in your profession and you want to make your career history more competitive in the job market.
Future job opportunities in the field of artificial intelligence
At present, full knowledge of artificial intelligence technologies and machine learning is one of the most important skills required in the labor market. Jobs that require people with AI and machine learning skills are expected to grow by 71 percent over the next five years; Therefore, if you are looking for a specialized profession, we suggest that you strengthen the skills related to these two areas in yourself.
If you have a lot of different areas related to information technology, we recommend that you increase your information in the field of AI as much as possible. We also recommend that you work to understand the impact of this technology in various areas in the future and to obtain basic information on this topic.
In the end, we have to say that whether we like it or not, artificial intelligence will develop very well in the future, and instead of being afraid of artificial intelligence, it is better to look for ways to increase our skills and knowledge about this technology.