Mac keyboard shortcuts you should know
Mac keyboard shortcuts you should know

These quick functions will make your life easier. Learn how to use the Option / Alt, Control, Command keys, among others, to speed up the use of the keyboard on Mac or MacBook

Keyboard shortcuts are one of the best inventions for those who value their time. It is much easier to press two or three keys at the same time than having to navigate through several menus until you find the desired function.

Now, the use of these quick functions depends a lot of knowledge or muscle memory that we have. You need to learn what they are first (here we come into play and then put them into practice (this will depend exclusively on you).

Don’t miss our Mac keyboard shortcut guide, where we will show you the key combinations necessary to perform functions such as copy, paste, print, close a window, close or hide a program and much more.

Before proceeding, you should know what the four keys are key on your keyboard. You will find them in the lower-left corner of your keyboard: Fn, Ctrl, Alt, and Cmd. Naps using the Mac keyboard on Windows, this can change.

Option / Alt key

The Option key often causes quite a bit of confusion. If you use a Spanish keyboard, this is called the Alt key, which you will find between the Control and Command keys (see image above). In addition to the letters ‘alt’, you will recognize it by this symbol: ⌥.

The Option / Alt key is the one used to select a partition boot when starting the computer, when you want to save a document in a program or when you want to write certain characters using your keyboard, such as @ ( Alt + 2 ) or # ( Alt + 3 ).

In the image below, you can see all the hidden characters on each key of your keyboard and that you will have to press next to the Alt key to be able to use them. It should be remembered that these are the characters of a Spanish keyboard (ISO).

On Mac, the Ctrl + Alt + Esc combination does not It works to close applications that have been hung (as it happens in Windows), but you must press Cmd + Alt + Esc. Below we list other combinations that will be very useful to you.

Mac keyboard shortcuts Key combination Function
Control + Alt + Command + Eject Disks (Mac) | Control + Alt + Command + Power Button (MacBook) Quit all apps.
Alt + Shift + Command + Q Log out of macOS user account (without confirmation).
Alt + Delete In a document, delete the word to the left of the cursor.
Alt + Left Arrow In a document, m over the cursor at the beginning of the word.
Alt + Right Arrow In a document, m over the cursor at the end of the word.
Alt + Shift + Left Arrow In a document, select to the beginning of the word where the cursor is located.
Alt + Shift + Right Arrow In a document, s choose until the end of the word where the cursor is located.
Alt + Shift + Up Arrow In a document, select until the beginning of the paragraph.
Alt + Shift + Down Arrow In a document, select until the end of the paragraph.
Alt + Command + F Open the search field of an app.
Alt + Command + T Show or hide the toolbar of an app.
Alt + Command + C In a document, copy the formatting style of a selected item to the Clipboard.
Alt + Command + V In a document, paste the copied style of a selected item.
Alt + Shift + Command + T In a document, paste an item with the same style that surrounds it.
Alt + Command + Y In the Finder, see a Quick View slide show with the files you have selected.
Alt + Increase brightness | Alt + Lower brightness Open the ‘Screens’ menu of the System Preferences.
Alt + Mission Control Open the ‘Mission Control’ menu in System Preferences.
Alt + Drag a file In the Finder or on the Desktop, duplicate a file.
Alt + Command + Drag a file In Finder or Desktop, create an alias (quick access) of a file.

Command key

If you already found it confusing enough to differentiate between Alt and Option ( no), things get even more complicated when the Command key comes into play. This was formerly called the Apple key (used to include the Apple logo), but now has the following icon: ⌘.

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The Command key works in a similar way to the key Control on a PC. That is, on Mac, you usually use the Command key in those quick functions in which you would use Control on a Windows computer or laptop.

Key combination Function
) Command + Q Press and hold to close an app.
Command + W Close the window that is in the foreground.
Alt + Command + W Close all the windows of an app.
Command + N In the Finder, open a new window.
Command + A In the Finder, select all the elements.
In a document, select all the text.
Command + I In a document, activate or deactivate italics.
Command + B In a document, activate or deactivate bold.
Command + P In certain apps, print.
Command + S In a document, save.
Command + Z Undo an action.
Shift + Command + Z Redo an action.
Command + C Copy.
Command + V Paste.
Command + X Cut.
Command + F Find an item in a document or open a search window.
Command + G Find the next occurrence of the previously searched item in a document.
Command + T In the Finder, show or hide the tab bar when only one is open.
In a document, show or hide the ‘Typefaces’ window.
Command + H Hide the windows of an app in the foreground.
Command + M Minimize the window that is in the foreground.
Alt + Command + M Minimize all the windows of an app in the foreground.
Command + Spacebar Show or hide the Spotlight search field.
Command + Tab Switch between open apps.
Command +, (comma) Open the app preferences in the foreground.
Command + Left Arrow In a document, move the cursor to the beginning of the line.
Shift + Command + Left Arrow In a document, select the text between the cursor and the beginning of the line.
Command + Right Arrow In a document, move the cursor to the end of the line.
Shift + Command + Right Arrow In a document, select the text located between the cursor and the end of the line.
Command + Up Arrow In a document, move the cursor to the beginning of the document.
Shift + Command + Up Arrow In a document, select the text between the cursor and the beginning of the document.
Command + Down Arrow In a document, move the cursor to the end of the document.
Shift + Command + Down Arrow In a document, select the text between the cursor and the end of the document.
Command + {(opening curved keys) In a document, align left.
Command + {(closing curved keys) In a document, align to the right.
Command + T In the Finder, open a new tab.
Shift-Command-D Show or hide the Dock.
Shift-Command-L In the Finder, open the Downloads folder.
Shift-Command-P In the Finder, show or hide the preview pane in windows.
Shift-Command-S In the Finder, hide or show the sidebar of the windows.
Shift-Command-N In the Finder, create a new folder.
Shift + Command + P In the Finder, hide or show the route bar in the windows.
In a document, show the settings.
Shift + Command + S In the Finder, hide or show the sidebar of the windows.
In a document, display the Save As dialog box, or duplicate the active document.
Shift + Command + 3 Take a screenshot
Shift + Command + 4 Capture a part of the screen (to be selected).
Shift + Command + | (vertical bar) In a document, align the text to the center.
Shift + Command + – (minus sign) In a document, reduce the font size.
Shift + Command + + (plus sign) | Shift + Command + = (equals sign) In a document, increase the font size.
Shift + Command +? (question mark) In a document, open the Help menu.
Command + D In the Finder, duplicate the selected files.
Command + E In the Finder, eject the selected disk or volume.
Command + F In the Finder, start a Spotlight search in the window.
Command + I In the Finder, show the Get information window of a selected file.
Command + K In the Finder, open the Connect to server window.
Command + L In the Finder, create an alias (quick access) of the selected item.
Command + Delete In the Finder, transfer the selected item to the Trash.
Shift + Command + C In the Finder, open the Team window.
Shift + Command + D In the Finder, open the Desktop folder.
Shift + Command + F In the Finder, open the Recent window.
Shift + Command + H In the Finder, open the Startup folder.
Shift + Command + G In the Finder, open the folder Go to the folder.
Shift + Command + I In the Finder, open iCloud Drive.
Shift + Command + K In the Finder, open the Network window.
Shift + Command + O In the Finder, open the Documents folder.
Shift + Command + R In the Finder, open the AirDrop window.
Shift + Command + Delete In the Finder, empty the Trash.
Alt + Shift + Command + Delete In the Finder, empty the Trash without the confirmation box appearing.

Control key

If the Command key on Mac performs the functions of the Control key in Windows, so what is the Control key for Mac for? Basically, it is used to perform those functions of the right click of a mouse (some Apple mice do not have this function).

These are some of the most essential combinations using the key Control:

) Key combination Function
) Control + H In a document, delete the character to the left of the cursor (same function as Delete).
Control + D In a document, delete the character to the right of the cursor (same function as Fn + Delete).
Control + K In a document, delete the text between the cursor and the end of the line or paragraph.
Control + A In a document, go to the beginning of the line or paragraph.
Control + E In a document, go to the end of the line or paragraph.
Control + F In a document, advance one character forward.
Control + B In a document, go back one character.
Control + Command + Eject Disks (Mac) | Control + Command + Power Button (MacBook) Force restart the Mac without asking if you want to save the documents.
Option + Command + Eject Disk (Mac) | Option + Command + Power Button (MacBook) Put the Mac in sleep mode.
Control + Option + Command + Eject Disks (Mac) | Control + Option + Command + Power button (MacBook) Close all apps and turn off the Mac, but it will ask you if you want to save the documents.

Function keys

Mac keyboards also have specific keys for Manzana. Instead of F1, F2, F2, F4, F5, F6, F7, F8, F9, F 10, F 11 and F 12 (or next to them), you will see other symbols in the function keys that will allow you to perform various functions.

You can, for example, increase or decrease the brightness of the screen; raise or lower the keyboard backlight; increase or decrease the volume; skip to the next or previous song; pause or resume music; or access Mission Control.

But if you combine these keys with the Fn key, you can do much more:

Key combination Function
) Fn + Delete In a document, delete the character to the right of the cursor (same function as Control + D).
Fn + Up Arrow In a document, go to the previous page.
Fn + Down Arrow In a document, go to the next page.
Fn + Left Arrow In a document, go to the beginning of the document.
Fn + Right Arrow In a document, go to the end of the document.

Other combinations of keys

Sometimes key combinations allow you to troubleshoot your Mac . For example, you can restart your Mac in safe mode (hold down the Shift key during startup) or access Recovery mode (hold down Command + R when booting).

Below, we list some key combinations that you will find very practical.

Turn off the Mac

) Key combination Function
) Control + Eject Disks (Mac) | Control + Power Button (MacBook) Show the dialog asking if you want to restart, shutdown or put the Mac to sleep.
Control + Shift + Eject Disk (Mac) | Control + Shift + Power Button (MacBook) Put the Mac screen to sleep.
Alt + Command + Eject Disk (Mac) | Alt + Command + Power Button (MacBook) Put the Mac to sleep.
Control + Command + Eject Disks (Mac) | Control + Command + Power Button (MacBook) Quit all apps and restart Mac without asking if you want to save.
Control + Alt + Command + Eject Disk (Mac) | Control + Alt + Command + Power Button (MacBook) Quit all apps and turn off the Mac asking first if you want to save.
Shift + Command + Q Log out of the macOS user account (they will ask you for confirmation).
Option + Shift + Command + Q Log out of the macOS user account (they will not ask you for confirmation).
Option + Command + Esc Force the exit of an app.

Switch applications

) Key combination Function
) Command + Tab Switch to the most recently used app among open apps.
Command + Shift + Tab Move backwards in a list of open apps ordered from most to least recent.
Command + ~ (virgulilla) Move backwards in a list of open apps (only when the App Chooser is activated).

 

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