What is Mortgage Protection Insurance (MPI)?


Mortgage Protection Insurance (MPI) is a life insurance policy that pays off a home loan in the event of death. Some policies offer additional protection, e.g. B. Covering your monthly mortgage payment if you become unable to work.

A home loan allows you to pay for your home in monthly installments. However, if you (or another high-income homeowner) die before paying off the home, your loved ones may not be able to afford the payments. MPI provides a way to pay off your mortgage if you die early and keeps the family from moving out. But not the perfect solution for everyone. Let’s see how it works, along with the pros and cons.

What is a waiver of subrogation?

Definition of mortgage protection insurance

MPI is a life insurance policy that provides a death benefit that pays a mortgage loan when a homeowner dies. Policies typically have a death benefit equal to the home loan, and the death benefit decreases over time as you pay off your loan balance.

In addition to paying off a mortgage after the death of an insured borrower, some policies protect against a disability that affects mortgage payments. In other words, if you can’t generate income, your insurance company can make monthly mortgage payments for you.

This is how mortgage protection insurance works

A home loan can be one of the largest financial commitments you’ll ever make. Leaving this responsibility on your loved ones when you die can place a great financial burden on them. If your family can no longer make the payments, they may have to sell the home or face foreclosure. But with insurance products like MPI, you can transfer some of that risk to an insurance company.

Mortgage protection insurance is similar to other types of life insurance . You apply for a policy and, if approved, pay premiums to protect yourself. However, unlike traditional life insurance, you may not need to complete a medical exam and detailed questionnaires to qualify for coverage. Some applications may ask limited or no health questions, which could make this type of coverage an option if you have a risky occupation or have health conditions.

An MPI policy is not designed to solve all of the financial challenges that arise from an early death. For example, these policies do not provide additional funds to pay for a child’s education or to replace decades of lost wages.

MPI coverage is closely tied to your home loan. The death benefit equals the loan balance, and in many cases your lender is the beneficiary of the policy. As a result, the beneficiaries do not receive any money directly and do not have to pass funds on to the lender. There is usually no extra money left after the mortgage is paid off.

For example, let’s say you get a $240,000 home loan. An MPI policy would have an initial death benefit of $240,000, paying off the home loan in full upon death. Paying off your loan balance with monthly payments will owe you less over time. For example, after several years, you might only owe $210,000. If you die at that point, the policy would pay your lender $210,000 (not the initial $240,000).

Alternatives to mortgage protection insurance

If you need life insurance, it can make sense to get one large policy that covers multiple needs – including the mortgage – and pays directly to you. For example, you can take out a policy with a death benefit sufficient to:

  • Pay off the mortgage
  • Replace a wage earner’s income for years to come
  • Fund educational expenses for children
  • Covers final expenses such as funeral and memorial expenses
  • pay medical bills

Individual term or permanent life insurance

With single term or perpetual life insurance coverage, you get the amount of coverage you need without it diminishing over time. The amount needed will depend on your goals and circumstances, and it is advisable to discuss your situation with an insurance agent or financial planner while making this decision.

A basic term life insurance policy that offers coverage for a specified number of years could be a good alternative to MPI. For example, if you have a 30-year mortgage, a 30-year policy may be appropriate. Also, the death benefit will not decrease over time like most MPI policies do.

Insurance Coverage Provided by Employer

Life insurance from your employer can also help to reduce the financial burden after a death. However, this insurance is tied to your job. If you stop working, you can lose insurance coverage and buying a new policy could be difficult, especially if you have health problems.

Many individual life insurance policies do not provide income if you have a disability and are unable to work. Although you may be able to add a driver with disability income to new life insurance or buy disability insurance separately.

MPI vs. PMI and MIP

MPI is easily confused with other mortgage-related terms.

  • MPI : Mortgage Protection Insurance is life insurance that pays off a home loan (and may cover payments during periods of disability).
  • PMI : Personal mortgage insurance protects your lender—not you—if you default on your home loan. This is usually a required monthly expense that you pay if your down payment is less than 20%.
  • MIP : A mortgage insurance premium is required for FHA loans. This consists of an upfront premium and monthly expenses that help fund FHA programs.

Pros and cons of mortgage protection insurance


  • Potentially easy to qualify
  • Easy way to eliminate the mortgage on death


  • Payment goes directly to your lender
  • Can be more expensive than medical review policies
  • shrink value

benefits explained

Potentially Easy to Qualify : MPI is often a form of guaranteed issuance or simplified issuance life insurance. In other words, insurers may not require a medical exam with blood and urine samples, and they don’t have lengthy questionnaires about your health. If you have significant health conditions or have a risky job, you may find it easier to qualify for insurance.

Easy Way to Eliminate Mortgage When You Die: Since MPI is linked to your home loan, it’s an easy way to help loved ones after you die. The sum insured is enough to pay off your home loan, and the death benefit goes directly to the lender. This makes getting rid of the mortgage relatively easy for family members during a difficult time.

Disadvantages explained

Payment goes straight to your lender : Your loved ones may need money for various needs when a family member dies, but with MPI, the benefit goes straight to your lender. It may be best to get a policy with broader coverage than MPI, which can help with income replacement, medical bills, and other needs — not just the mortgage.

Can be more expensive than policies with a medical examination : Insurance with a medical examination is often cheaper than MPI, especially if you are healthy. In addition, some guaranteed-issue policies may only provide an accidental death benefit and not natural-cause death benefits.

Shrink Value : The premiums you pay for MPI seem worth the benefit at the beginning of a policy when the loan balance is at its greatest. After that, the death benefit shrinks with the loan balance—but the premiums can remain the same. In contrast, with normal term life insurance, you pay incremental premiums and the death benefit does not change.



The central theses

  • MPI can pay off a home loan if an insured homeowner dies.
  • These policies are usually easier to qualify

    because they don’t require a medical exam or ask extensive health questions.

  • Other types of insurance, including privately owned policies, may be better suited to your financial situation if you qualify.
  • mortgage protection insurance protects homeowners and their dependents, while PMI and other forms of mortgage insurance protect lenders.


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